One of the greatest legal tools in the arsenal of the federal government is the False Claims Act, which is often referred to as "Lincoln's Law." This law allows the federal government to combat fraud, which is a difficult undertaking for such a large entity that contracts with myriad parties and other entities. It would be impossible for the federal government to do this without whistleblowers -- and that is what the False Claims Act is all about.
This law empowers whistleblowers to come forward when they know about fraudulent circumstances involved in government contracts. As time has gone on, the acts of fraud have become more complicated and difficult to track, so these whistleblowers play a pivotal role in helping the government hold fraudulent parties responsible for their actions.
The False Claims Act gives whistleblowers the ability to file their own lawsuit against fraudulent entities, on behalf of the government. The whistleblower then becomes the qui tam plaintiff, and they can earn a percentage of any compensation that is recovered as a result of blowing the whistle on the fraudulent scheme.
As a whistleblower, you are entitled to protections under the False Claims Act. For example, the case is filed under seal, which means your identity should remain private until the government fully investigates the matter. If for some reason your identity is revealed, though, then you are still protected from retaliation. If you are a whistleblower or are involved in a qui tam case, then you should consult with an attorney to protect yourself.